Grytviken, (Cauldron Bay) the oldest of the whaling stations,
was founded by Captain Carl
Anton Larsen in 1904. On arrival in the bay or viken, the whalers found some
old tri-pots (gryte) that had been left by earlier sealers. This was later to be
commonly known as Pot Harbour, but is technically incorrect as the Norwegian for
harbour is havn. The Louise was purchased to transport the
factory buildings and accommodation down to South Georgia from Sandefjord. After the first cargo
arrived, the station was up and running within five weeks!
has some of the most photographed landmarks on South Georgia. The Whaler's
Church must be at the top of the list. A lovely old building dedicated in 1913
and still in use today. A short walk from the church and you are at the Cemetery
and can view the grave of the explorer Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton. The ex whale
catcher Petrel is another favourite, as are the hulks of the
Dias and the Albatros.
The South Georgia Museum is
housed in the old Manager's accommodation, where relics of the whaling era can
be protected for posterity. Over the last eleven years I have seem a few of the
whaling station structures succumb to the elements, one of them being the Grytviken
Kino (cinema). The Flensing Plan wooden deck
sheathing has almost completely rotted away. Considering that it has been over thirty five years since any of the
accommodation buildings had any maintenance, it shows the high caliber of the
men who built them. Above the Machine Shop is the Patternmaker's
containing many beautifully made wooden patterns, ready for the Foundry to make
castings for new parts.
A legacy of the conflict in 1982 can be found
on the hill about a mile away from the Cemetery, in the form of a Puma
helicopter. There is also a lovely photograph of HMS
Endurance at Grytviken, taken a year or two before the conflict.
Life on a whale catcher or sealer was very
tough as the following extract from a letter written to the Colonial Secretary,
Port Stanley, by the Administrative Officer, South Georgia shows.
"It appears that
all three of the whaling Companies fall short of the standards set in the UK
Life Saving Appliance Rules,1952, in various ways in respect of their whale and
The living conditions aboard the Pesca sealcatchers are, I should hazard a
guess, among the very worst to be found at sea anywhere in the world to-day. I
have been out sealing in the "Dias" for a week and the "Albatros"
for 6 days and also in the "Petrel". The crew's quarters are grossly
overcrowded and they stink and reek of rotting seal blubber as it accrues in the
holds from voyage to voyage and the smell seeps through into the mess. My bunk
in the "Albatros", which was one of the best in the ship, was soaking
wet all the time that I was out, so I slept clothed and in an oilskin. Sea water
and oily blood dripped almost continuously and occasionally poured through
the deck head into the after mess where I was accommodated. Both these sealers
have a penthouse on the after deck, which is unapproachable in rough weather,
but in which is housed the ship's lavatory seat. Flush arrangements are not
provided. Nor do wash basins in these ships. Conditions being what they are, the
crews rarely change their clothes or wash. Some do not change their clothes for
2 months. Food and pay are good."
J. W. Matthew
My thanks go to Ann Kristin Herfindal for the
insight into the Norwegian language, research into the origins of the name
Husvik, and information about the Whaling Museum in Sandefjord, Norway. The original
factory buildings and the Manager's house at Grytviken had been prefabricated in Sandefjord.